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     MindNet Journal - Vol. 1, No. 23a * [Part 1 of 2 parts]
     V E R I C O M M / MindNet         "Quid veritas est?"


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Editor: Mike Coyle 

Contributing Editors: Walter Bowart
                      Alex Constantine

Assistant Editor: Rick Lawler

Research: Darrell Bross



Anna Keeler

There had been an ongoing controversy over health effects of
electromagnetic fields (EMF) for years (e.g., extremely low
frequency radiation and the Navy's Project Seafarer; emissions of
high power lines and video display terminals; radar and other
military and industrial sources of radio frequencies and
microwaves, such as plastic sealers and molders). Less is known
of Department of Defense (DOD) and Central Intelligence Agency
(CIA) interest in anti-personnel applications of the invisible
energies. The ability of certain parameters of EMF; to cause
health effects, including neurological and behavioral
disturbances, has been part of the military and CIA arsenal for

Capabilities of the energies to cause predictable and exploitable
effects or damages can be gleaned from discussion of health
effects from environmental exposures. Interestingly, some
scientists funded by the DOD or CIA to research and develop
invisible electromagnetic weapons have voiced strong concern
(perhaps even superior knowledge or compensatory to guilt) over
potentially serious consequences of environmental exposures.

Eldon Byrd who worked for Naval Surface Weapons, Office of
Non-Lethal Weapons, was commissioned in 1981 to develop
electromagnetic devices for purposes including "riot control,"
clandestine operations and hostage removal. In the context of a
controversy over reproductive hazards to Video Display Terminal
(VDT) operators, he wrote of alterations in brain function of
animals exposed to low intensity fields. Offspring of exposed
animals "exhibited a drastic degradation of intelligence later in
life ... couldn't learn easy tasks ... indicating a very definite
and irreversible damage to the central nervous system of the
fetus." With VDT operators exposed to weak fields, there have
been clusters of miscarriages and birth defects (With evidence of
central nervous system damage to the fetus).

Byrd also wrote of experiments where behavior of animals was
controlled by exposure to weak electromagnetic fields. "At a
certain frequency and power intensity, they could make the animal
purr, lay down and roll over."

Jose Delgado, advocate of a psychocivilized society through
mind control, no longer implants electrodes in the brains of
mental patients and prisoners; he now induces profound behavioral
changes (hyperactivity, passivity, etc.) by exposing animals to
precisely tuned EMFs. He has also written of genetic damage
produced by weak EMF fields, similar to (those  emitted by VDTs.)
Invariably, brain tissue damage and skeletal deformation was
observed in new born chicks that had been exposed. He was
concerned enough to check emissions from the appliances in his

Ross Adey induces calcium efflux in brain tissue with low power
level fields (a basis for the CIA and military's "confusion
weaponry") and has done behavioral experiments with radar
modulated at electroencephalogram (EEG) rhythms. He is
understandably concerned about environmental exposures within
1 to 30 Hz (cycles per second), either as a low frequency or an
amplitude modulation on a microwave or radio frequency, as these
can physiologically interact with the brain even at very low
power densities.


Microwave health effects is a juncture where Department of
Defense and environmental concerns collide and part ways.
Security, according to Sam Koslov of Defense Advanced Research
Projects Agency (DARPA), first prompt of low intensity (for
non-thermal) microwaves. At times, up 70-80% of the research
was funded by the military. From 1965 to 1970, a study
dubbed Project Pandora was undertaken to determine the health
and psychological effects of low intensity microwaves, the
so-called "Moscow signal" registered at the American Embassy in
Moscow. Initially, there was confusion over whether the signal
was an attempt to activate bugging devices or for some other
purpose. There was suspicion that the microwave irradiation was
being used as a mind control system. CIA agents asked Scientists
involved in microwave research whether microwaves beamed at
human beings from a distance could affect the brain and alter

Dr. Milton Zaret who on undertook to analyze Soviet's literature
on microwaves for the CIA, wrote: "For non-thermal irradiation,
they believe the electromagnetic fields induced by the microwave
environments affects the cell membrane, and this results in an
increase of excitability or an increase in the level of
excitation of nerve cells. With repeated or continued exposure,
the increased excitability leads to a State of exhaustion of the
cells of the cerebral cortex."

Employees first learned of the irradiation ten years after
Project Pandora began. Before that, information had been parceled
out on a strict "need to know" basis, which excluded most
employees at the compound. Due to secrecy, and probably reports
like Dr. Zaret's, Jack Anderson speculated that the CIA was
trying to cover up a Soviet effort at behavior modification
through irradiation of the U.S. diplomats, and that the cover-up
was created to protect the CIA's own mind control secrets.

Finally, an unusually large number of illnesses were reported
among the residents of the compound. U.S. Ambassador Walter
Stoessel developed a rare blood disease similar to leukemia; he
was suffering headaches and bleeding from the eyes. A source at
the State Department informally admitted that excessive
radiation had been leaking from his telephone; an American high
frequency radio transmitter on the roof of the building had, when
operating, induced high frequency signals well above the U.S.
safety standard through the phones in the political section, as
well as in lines to Stoessel's office. No doubt, National
Security Agency or CIA electronic devices also contributed to
the electromagnetic environment at the embassy, although values
for these were never released, as they are secret. Stoessel was
reported as telling his staff that the microwaves could cause
leukemia, skin cancer, cataracts and various forms of emotional
illness. White blood cell counts were estimated to be as high as
40% above normal in one third of the staff, and serious
chromosome damage was uncovered.

The Soviets began research on biological effects of
microwaves in 1953. A special laboratory was set up at the
Institute of Hygiene and Occupational Diseases, Academy of
Medical Sciences. Other labs were set up in the U.S.S.R. and in
Eastern Europe that study both effects of microwaves and low
frequency electromagnetic radiation. Years ago, in the halls of
science, complaints could be heard that Soviet experiments
regarding bio-effects couldn't be duplicated due to insufficient
details in their Scientific literature, although, according to
one DOD official, 75% of the U.S. papers on the subject carried
insufficient parameters for duplication. Scientists even
questioned, with McCarthy-like sentiments whether the Soviets
were attenuating to frighten or mis-inform with false scientific
reporting of bio-effects. It was unthinkable, according to
cruder scientific theory, that non-thermal levels of microwaves
could cause harm. Impetus for a study of such effect came not
from concern for the public, but rather in the military and
intelligence community's suspicion of the Soviets, and their
equally strong interest in developing exploitable anti-personnel
effects -- an interest that continues unabated today.

The CIA and DOD "security" concerns metamorphized into
research and development of invisible weapons capable of
impacting on health and psychological processes. In fact, due to
the finding of startling effects, DARPA's security became even
tighter, and a new code name -- "Bizarre" -- was assigned to the

Scientist Allen Frey of Randomline, Inc. was always more
interested in low intensity microwave hazards: thermal effects
were known. During project Pandora, the Navy funded such
projects of his, as how to use low average power intensities,
to: induce heart seizures; create leaks in the blood brain
barrier, which would allow neurotoxins in the blood to cross
and cause neurological damage or behavioral disorders; and how
produce auditory hallucination or "microwave hearing", during
which the person can hear tones that seem to be coming from
within the head or from directly behind it. In 1976, the
Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) released a report in which
they attributed the results of Dr. Frey's, who acknowledges
that his work was mis-attributed, he had thought up the
projects himself. The DILLA, but not the CIA, is allowed to
use "mirror imaging" and "net assessment" in their reports,
i.e., respectively, the attribution of one's own motives and
weapons capabilities to "the other side," in this case, the
Soviets. It follows, that there is nothing to prevent them
from releasing a report prepared in this manner, and thus
muddy the water of decision making, pervert public opinion,
stoke up congressional funding or enlist the support of naive
scientists to counter "the threat." There was strong
[criticism?] through the American press, but apparently the
DIA, at least in some issues, can dish it up with impunity.

The 1976 DIA report also credits the Soviets with other
capabilities, stating, "Sounds and possibly even words which
appear to be originating internally can be induced by signal
modulation at very low power densities." Dr. Sharp, a Pandora
research at Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, some of
whose work was so secret that he couldn't tell his boss,
conducted an experiment in which the human brain has received
a message carried to it by microwave transmission. Sharp was
able to recognize spoken words that were modulated on a
microwave carrier frequency by an "audiogram," an analog of
the words' sound vibrations, and carried into his head in a
chamber where he sat.

Dr. James Lin of Wayne State University has written a book
entitled "Microwave Auditory Effects and Applications." It
explores the possible mechanisms for the phenomenon, and
discusses possibilities for the deaf, as persons with certain
types of hearing loss can still hear pulsed microwaves (as tones
or clicks and buzzes, if words aren't modulated on). Lin mentions
the Sharp experiment and comments, "The capability of
communicating directly with humans by pulsed microwaves is
obviously not limited to the field of therapeutic medicine."

Dr. Robert O. Becker, twice nominated for the Noble prize for
his health work in bio-electromagnetism, was more explicit in
his concern over illicit government activity. He wrote of
"obvious application in covert operations designed to drive a
target crazy with "voices." What is frightening is that words,
transmitted via low density microwaves or radio frequencies, or
by other covert methods, might be used to create influence.
For instance, according to a 1984 U.S. House of Representatives
report, a large number of stores throughout the country use high
frequency transmitted words (above the range of human hearing)
to discourage shoplifting. Stealing is reported to be reduced by
as much as 80% in some cases.

Dr. Frey also did experiments on reduction of aggression.
Rats who were accustomed to fighting viciously when their tails
were pinched, accepted the pinching with relative passivity when
irradiated with pulsed microwaves in the ultra high frequency
range (UHF) at a power density of less than 1,000 microwatts/cm2.
He has also done low intensity microwave experiment degrading
motor coordination and balance. When asked about weapons
application of his work, he answered by referring to himself as
"just a biological theory," and his work for the Navy, "basic
medical research."

Lies Before Congress

In 1976, George H. Heilmeier, director of Defense Advanced
Research Projects Agency (DARPA) responded to a mailgram to
President Ford from Don Johnson of Oakland, paraphrasing
Johnson's concern, and assuring him that the DARPA sponsored
Army/Navy Pandora experiments were "never directed at the use
of microwaves as a surveillance tool, nor in a weapons concept."
Don Johnson lingered in the memory of one DOD official  who
sponsored microwave research in the 1970s. Johnson was
enigmatically described as "brilliant.. schizophrenic was done."
(Scientists who have disagreed with the DOD on health effects of
microwaves and on the U.S. exposure standard, have received
scant more respect and have had their cut.)

The next year, Heilmeier elaborated in a written response to
an inquiry before Congress, "... This agency [DARPA] is not
aware of any research projects, classified or unclassified,
conducted under the auspices of the Defense Department, now
ongoing, or in the past, which would have probed possibilities
of utilizing microwave radiation in a form of what is popular
known as "mind control." We do not foresee the development by
DARPA of weapons using microwaves and actively being directed
toward altering nervous system function or behavior. Neither are
we aware of any of our own forces ... developing such weapons.."

Finally memoranda were released that rendered the goals of
Pandora transparent. Richard Cesaro initiator of Pandora and
director of DARPA's Advanced Sensor program, justified the
project in that "little or no work has been done in
investigation of the subtle behavioral changes which may be
evolved by a low-level electromagnetic field." Researchers had
long ago established that direct stimulus of the brain could
alter behavior. The question raised by radio frequencies --
microwaves or radio frequencies of the UHF or VHF band -- was
whether the electromagnetic could have a similar effect at
very low levels. Pandora's initial goal: to discover whether a
carefully constructed microwave signal could control the mind.
In the context of long term low-level effects: Cesaro felt that
central nervous system effects could be important, and urged
their study "for potential weapons applications." After testing
a low-level modulated microwave signal on a chimpanzee and
within approximately a week causing stark performance decrements
and behavioral disorganization, Cesaro wrote "the potential of
exerting a degree of control on human behavior by low-level
microwaves seems to exist." On the basis of the primate study
extensive discussions took place and plans were made to extend
the studies to humans. According to a former DOD security
analyst one such microwave experiment with human subjects took
place at Lorton Prison in the early 1970s. He said that such
research (in a weapons context) has occurred on behavioral
effects of microwaves since 1976. He also asked "Why are you
so concerned about then? What about now? They can call anyone
a terrorist. Who are they using it on now?"

Behavioral Effects

In June 1970 a government think tank, Rand Corporation published
a report by R.J. MacGregor, entitled "A Brief Survey of
Literature Relating to Influence of Low Intensity Microwaves on
Nervous Functions." After noting that the U.S. microwave
guideline in effect in 1970 for the public, 10,000
microwatts/cm2 (now the industrial and military "guideline") is
proscribed from consideration of the rate that thermal effects
are dissipated, the author, a specialist in modeling neural
networks states that scientific studies have consistently shown
that humans exhibit behavioral disturbances when subjected to
non-thermal levels of microwaves well below this level. The
symptoms that MacGregor lists for those humans exposed more or
less regularly at work or in the living environment are insomnia,
irritability, loss of memory, fatigue, headache, tremor,
hallucination, autonomic disorders, and disturbed sensory
functioning. He reports that swelling and distention of nerve
cells have been produced at intensities as low as 1,000
microwatts/cm2 (the current U.S. guideline for the public).

In a Companion Rand paper June 1970 entitled "A Direct Mechanism
for the Direct Influence of Microwave Radiation on Neuroelectric
Function," "MacGregor" sets forth the idea that the electrical
component of microwave radiation induces transmembrane
potentials in nerve cells and thereby disturbs nervous function
and behavior. Microwaves penetrate and are absorbed more deeply
so that they can produce a direct effect on the central nervous
system. With smaller wave lengths the principal absorption
occurs near the body surface and causes peripheral or "lower"
nervous system effects.

Dr. Milton Zaret who analyzed neurological effects for the CIA
during Project Pandora (he is now one of the few doctors willing
to take the government on by testifying on behalf of plaintiffs
filing claims for microwave health damage) wrote that "receptors
of the brain are susceptible and react to extremely low
intensities of microwave radiation if this is delivered in
accordance with appropriate "coding." Coding is reported to be
influenced by the character of the signal so as to be a function,
for example, of the shape and amplitude of the pulse or waveform.

Dr. Ross Adey, formerly of the Brain Research Center at
University of Southern California, Los Angeles, now at Loma Linda
University Medical School, Loma Linda, California was among the
first of the Pandora researchers. His work is more precise in
inducing specific behavior rather than merely causing
disorganization or decrements in performance, that is, apart
from his studies on inducing calcium efflux in brain tissue which
causes interference with the function of the brain and is one
basis of "Confusion Weaponry." More specifically, Adey's thesis
is that if the electroencephalogram (EEG) has informational
significance, "one can induce behavioral changes if one imposes
environmental fields that look like EEG." During Adey's career
he has correlated a wide variety of behavioral states with EEG
including emotional states (e.g. stress in hostile questioning)
increments of decision making and conditioning correct versus
incorrect performance etc. and he has imposed electromagnetic
fields that look like EEG which has resulted in altered EEG and

In published accounts of Adey's work, he has shown that it
is possible to apply low biologic frequencies by using a radio
frequency carrier modulated at specific brain frequencies. He
demonstrated that if the biological modulation on the carrier
frequency is close to frequencies in the natural EEG of the
subject it will reinforce or increase the number of
manifestation of the imposed rhythms and modulate behavior.

The Conditioning paradigm: animals were trained through aversion
to produce specific brain wave rhythms; animals trained in a
field with the same rhythm amplitude modulated on it, differed
significantly from control animals in both accuracy and
resistance to extinction (at least 50 days versus 10 in the
controls). Then the fields were used on untrained animals
occurrence of the applied rhythm increased in the animals' EEG.

Dr. Adey is an accomplished scientist which lead one to believe
the Significance of this experiment goes beyond mere
reinforcement of the animal's brain waves. Did the rhythms that
he chose to apply have special significance with relation to
information processing or conditioning? The 4.5 theta rhythm
that he applied was the natural reoccurring frequency that he
had measured in the hippocampus during a phase of avoidance
learning. The hippocampus as Adey wrote in an earlier paper,
"... involves neural processes connected with consolidation of
memory traces. It relates closely to the need for focusing
attention and the degree to which recapitulation of past
experience is imposed. One might add to ensure survival.

[Continued to part 2]
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